About Romania

Romania is a country located in Southeastern Central Europe, on the Lower course of Danube, north of the Balkan Peninsula and at the northwestern coast of the Black Sea. The capital of Romania is Bucharest, a city which has this statute since 1862. On the territory of this country is located almost entire surface of the Danube Delta and  the southern and central parts of the Carpathian Mountains. Romania adjoins: to south with Bulgaria, to southwest with Serbia, to north-west with Hungary, to north with Ukraine and to east with Republic of Moldova. To the southeast lies the Black Sea.

The relief

The Romanian relief is characterized by four elements: variety, proportionality, complementarity and symmetrical arrangement – this is due to the large number of landforms, approximately equal distribution of major relief units (35% mountains, 35% hills and plateaus and 30% plains) and the grouping of the relief.

The landscape is arranged in three major, well-differentiated storeys: the highest is represented by the Carpathian Mountains, the middle one by the Subcarpathians, hills and plateaus, and the lowest one by the plains, the rivers and the Danube Delta. The Romanian relief stands out for its layout in the shape of an amphitheater.

The climate

The climate is transitional temperate continental with relatively low rainfall and major distinctive elements between seasons.

Summer is a warm season, which lasts from late May to mid-September. During summer, southern Romania temperatures can exceed 35 °C and precautions must be taken in order for this to have a minimum impact on health (drink enough water and avoid exposure to the sun between 12:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.) maximum temperature in Romania is of +44.5 °C and was recorded in Ion Sion locality, near Braila, on August 10, 1951.

Autumn is a shorter season, of transition, with long periods of drought alternating with periods of rain. Usually, in the second part of October appear the first frosts, and in November the first snow.

Winter is a cold season, in which cold air masses coming from the East bring temperatures down to -20 °C or below (the record is -38.5 °C – temperature registered at Bod, near Brasov, on January 25, 1942 ). Snow is not abundant compared to other European countries, due to lack of precipitation and due to frequent temperature increases (which causes snow to melt several times during a winter).

Spring is another transitional season and is relatively short. The temperature rises rapidly and, usually, the frosts disappear in April.

National Holidays

Romania has 11 days off for national holidays, during which public institutions and some of the private ones, are closed.

Usually, if a national holiday is connected to the weekend, it will be hard to find accommodation in some areas (on the seaside during summer and at the mountains during the other seasons) unless you make your booking in advance.

Eight of the national holidays have a fixed date and the other four depend on the orthodox calendar.

Days off with  fixed date:

  • 1st & 2nd of January (New Year)

  • 1st of May (International Labor Day)

  • 15th of August (St. Mary’s Day)

  • 30th of November (St. Andrew’s Day)

  • 1st of December (National Day of Romania)

  • 25th & 26th of December (first and second day of Christmas)

Days off without a fixed date:

  • Easter (1st and 2nd day): you can find dates for Easter until 2020, here.
  • The 1st day after Pentecost Sunday: you can find dates for Pentecost Monday until 2020, here.

Important:

Although there are many ways of getting here, please be aware that non-EU citizens might need a visa – please check here to see if you need a visa to visit Romania and how you can obtain it.

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