Bogdana Monastery, with the first stone church in Moldavia was founded by Prince Bogdan I (who is also considered the founder of Moldavia as independent state, with the capital in Baia).
The Monastery is currently among the most important historical monuments in Suceava County and consists of three objectives, true architectural monuments: St. Nicholas Church (which dates from the fourteenth century), the bell tower (built in 1781) and the parish, built a little later, in 1876.
Despite the problems encountered over time, the church has survived Tartar and Turkish invasions, robberies, wars and Habsburg domination, constituting over time a guarantee of the Romanian national spirit.
In 1775, when northern Moldavia was occupied by the Habsburgs, Bogdana Monastery was closed and the Church of St. Nicholas remained Episcopal Church until 1782, when the diocese was transferred to Chernivtsi.
By moving the bishopric to Chernivtsi in 1782, St. Nicholas Church was transformed into a parish church, part of the existing monastic cells were demolished and another part converted into stables for the horses of the Austrian garrison stationed here. Church of St. Nicholas has remained a parish church until the last decades of the twentieth century, when it was closed by the communist regime, being considered a historical monument. Bogdana Monastery was reopened on December 6, 1992, when was also installed the first abbot of the monastery after 1775.
St. Nicholas Church is the first stone church in Moldova which has been preserved in its original form, unaltered until today. This is considered a document proving the birth of national architecture in Moldavia.
General disposition of the plan shows the characteristics of the Romanesque basilica with choir and apse. Tendency to break some springs and vaults is a characteristic of Gothic architecture; specific to Byzantine architecture is the dividing into altar, nave, narthex and porch.
According to the history displayed inside, it is most likely the first layer of painting dates back from the first decades of the fourteenth century and the second layer dates since 1558. The third layer of painting dates since the years 1745-1750, during Bishop Jacob Putneanul. The frescoes in this last phase are covered with a painting done in tempera, by painter Epaminonda Bucevschi in 1880.
In the votive painting, in the nave, next to Alexandru Lapusneanu, Bogdan I and Alexander the Good can also be seen Stephen the Great which is proof of the execution of painting during his time.
- AddressBogdan Voda Street, N0. 6, Radauti, Suceava county