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Suceava is located in the NE of Romania, approximately in the center of Suceava Plateau. The relief consists of: a plateau that reaches its maximum altitude of 385 m on Zamca Hill; floodplain and terraces of Suceava river with altitude below 330 m. City area is 5210 ha and accommodates a population of 92.121 inhabitants (2011 census) – down from 105.865 inhabitants (2002 census).
Suceava is best known as the starting point for visiting the well known monasteries of Bucovina and most often are overlooked things that can be done in city or sights available here.
The city has a rather interesting history and retains many buildings which were declared historical monuments (Stephen the Great Highschool, the two railway stations of the city, prefectural building, General Court, county museum building and numerous houses), Fortress of Suceava and even a monument included on UNESCO World Heritage List (St. John Monastery). It is true that over a long period of time one might feel the routine because of the lack of events but, for a week, Suceava can be a good place to relax, in the spirit of small provincial towns.
When you consider a visit to this city you should know that you will benefit of accommodations for all budgets, restaurants (most of them serving delicious food), cafes and clubs for those who love nightlife and the true hospitality of Moldovans.
History of the city
The city of Suceava and its surroundings have been inhabited, as attested by archaeological research, starting from the Paleolithic. Excavations near the Suceava Fortress confirmed an old settlement from the early Neolithic period, 7000 years ago, similar to Cris culture.
In the era of migration and in the following centuries the native population continued to live in these places, and in the fourteenth century, in 1388, Suceava is mentioned as the capital of Moldova.
Starting with the reign of Peter I of Moldavia (circa 1375-1391), Suceava fortress became the main seat fortress of Moldavia, keeping this function in the time of Aron Voda (1592-1595), Stefan Razvan (1595) and Movilesti family. Once started the reign of Alexander Lapusneanu princely residence was moved from Suceava to Iaşi.
Without getting to the same level as the era of Stephen the Great – Petru Rares, Suceava has, during the reign of Vasile Lupu (1634 – 1653), a new economic and cultural flourishing after its decline following the devastation caused by Turkish – Polish war. From the second half of XVII century the decay of the city begins to accelerate. The fortress is destroyed so it can not be used by hostile rulers of the Ottoman Empire nor by the Polish armies in conflict with the Turks.
In 1775, Northern Moldavia came under the rule of Austria and the territory is called Bukovina. Since 1868 Suceava becomes the county seat and the city develops, beeing established several institutions – schools, courthouse, a barracks and hospital.
On November 6, 1918, Suceava is freed from foreign domination, at that time having 1,424 homes with 10,200 residents.
In the interwar period, Suceava – the county seat of the county with same name, developed slowly from the economic point of view. The city represented more a mercantile center where goods from the mountains and plains were exchanged.
After the Second World War, Suceava known social and economic development under the communist regime. Thus, in the North-East of the city, but also in the West, were focused the most important industrial sites which were processing raw materials from this part of the country (paper mills, wood processing, Car parts, glass, food industry, light industry).
Rapid industrialization of Suceava, since the 60s, prompting the construction of new residential and public buildings. Another consequence of industrial development was the growing transport – this is the moment Salcea airport was built (the airport is located 12 km from the city), three railway stations were modernized and the public transport was improved.
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