Listed in Cities
Tirgu Neamt is a city located in northern Neamt County, in the west side of the historical region of Moldavia , and north-eastern Romania. The city is located at an altitude of 365 m and main landforms are: depression (Depression of Neamt), hills (Movilelor, Humulești, Ocea to south, and Boiștea on east) and peaks (Pleșu).
Targu Neamt is famous especially for Neamţ Citadel, built by Petru I Musat in the fourteenth century. The city is also the center of an area of northern Neamt county where there are about 20 Orthodox monasteries, some of them having an important artistic and cultural value, for example Văratec, Agapia or Neamt monasteries. The city has a population of 18,695 inhabitants according to the census of 2011 and is the third largest city in Neamt County.
Tirgu Neamt is one of the oldest cities in Moldova, was first documented in the late 1300 in Novgorod Chronicle – also known as “The List of Russian cities”.
Due to economic development Tirgu Neamt became the capital of Neamt county, having a very good situation during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, especially as the land belonged to the rulers and Neamt Citadel was a place of refuge for the royal family.
In the eighteenth century followed a period of decline of the city mainly due to frequent wars,during which were several attacks on the citadel and, of course, on the city. Another factor of the decline was the moving of the capital of Moldova to Iasi, a move which diminished the strategic nature of the settlement.
A rebound of the city was done when Jews and Transylvanians moved here in the nineteenth century. Transylvanians came mostly from Sibiu and Fagaras and their main occupation was shepherding. They also brought with them crafts related shepherding, such as production of dairy products, production of wool fabrics, flax, and others. A proof of the city’s new development is that in the mid-nineteenth century, Mihail Kogălniceanu founded in Targu Neamt the first integrated wool factory in Moldova, with an advanced technological process and with equipment brought from Germany.
Another evidence of the development is that on October 16, 1852 Prince Grigore Ghica together with the Metropolitan of Moldova and the abbot of Neamt Monastery, in the presence of a crowd of local people inaugurated the Hospital (which exists today), the apothecary and the Royal School, institutions which were built by the Neamt Monastery (the one which received Neamt County as a gift from Prince Constantin Racoviţă, long time before this).
The city had a thriving development period until until 1916, when with the start of World War I, suffered a obvious decay due to war. The city had a period of prosperity between the 2 world wars but suffered again during WW II, when the city was destroyed and the population was evacuated.
In the communist era, Tirgu Neamt was a city that did not show particular interest to the authorities, in terms of economic development, which has made the city not to reach the interwar flourishing situation.
Since 1989, after an initial period of decay and reorganization, the city begins to move towards a new period of growth.
- AddressTargu Neamt, Romania